JAJSFS8 July 2018 BQ25601D
To meet maximum current limit in USB spec and avoid over loading the adapter, the device features Dynamic Power management (DPM), which continuously monitors the input current and input voltage. When input source is over-loaded, either the current exceeds the input current limit (IIDPM) or the voltage falls below the input voltage limit (VINDPM). The device then reduces the charge current until the input current falls below the input current limit and the input voltage rises above the input voltage limit.
When the charge current is reduced to zero, but the input source is still overloaded, the system voltage starts to drop. Once the system voltage falls below the battery voltage, the device automatically enters the supplement mode where the BATFET turns on and battery starts discharging so that the system is supported from both the input source and battery.
During DPM mode, the status register bits VDPM_STAT (VINDPM) or IDPM_STAT (IINDPM) goes high.Figure 16 shows the DPM response with 9-V/1.2-A adapter, 3.2-V battery, 2.8-A charge current and 3.5-V minimum system voltage setting.