SLUSAT1B March 2013 – March 2020 BQ27510-G3
The BQ27510-G3 fuel gauge accurately predicts the battery capacity and other operational characteristics of a single Li-based rechargeable cell. It can be interrogated by a system processor to provide cell information, such as time-to-empty (TTE) and state-of-charge (SOC) as well as SOC interrupt signal to the host.
Information is accessed through a series of commands, called Standard Commands. Further capabilities are provided by the additional Extended Commands set. Both sets of commands, indicated by the general format Command(), read and write information contained within the device control and status registers, as well as its data flash locations. Commands are sent from system to gauge using the I2C serial communications engine, and can be executed during application development, system manufacture, or end-equipment operation.
Cell information is stored in the device in non-volatile flash memory. Many of these data flash locations are accessible during application development. They cannot, generally, be accessed directly during end-equipment operation. Access to these locations is achieved by either use of the fuel gauge companion evaluation software, through individual commands, or through a sequence of data-flash-access commands. To access a desired data flash location, the correct data flash subclass and offset must be known.
The key to the fuel gauge high-accuracy gas gauging prediction is Texas Instruments proprietary Impedance Track™ algorithm. This algorithm uses cell measurements, characteristics, and properties to create state-of-charge predictions that can achieve less than 1% error across a wide variety of operating conditions and over the lifetime of the battery.
The fuel gauge measures charge and discharge activity by monitoring the voltage across a small-value series sense resistor (5 mΩ to 20 mΩ, typical) located between the system VSS and the battery PACK– terminal. When a cell is attached to the device, cell impedance is learned, based on cell current, cell open-circuit voltage (OCV), and cell voltage under loading conditions.
The external temperature sensing is optimized with the use of a high-accuracy negative temperature coefficient (NTC) thermistor with R25 = 10.0 kΩ ±1%. B25/85 = 3435 kΩ ± 1% (such as Semitec NTC 103AT). Alternatively, the fuel gauge can also be configured to use its internal temperature sensor or receive temperature data from the host processor. When an external thermistor is used, a 18.2-kΩ pull-up resistor between BI/TOUT and TS pins is also required. The fuel gauge uses temperature to monitor the battery-pack environment, which is used for fuel gauging and cell protection functionality.
To minimize power consumption, the fuel gauge has several power modes: NORMAL, SLEEP, HIBERNATE, and BAT INSERT CHECK. The fuel gauge passes automatically between these modes, depending upon the occurrence of specific events, though a system processor can initiate some of these modes directly.
For complete operational details, refer to the BQ27510-G3 Technical Reference Manual, BQ27510-G3 System-Side Impedance Track™ Fuel Gauge With Integrated LDO, SLUUA97.
|INFORMATION TYPE||FORMATTING CONVENTION||EXAMPLE|
|Commands||Italics with parentheses and no breaking spaces||RemainingCapacity() command|
|NVM Data||Italics, bold, and breaking spaces||Design Capacity data|
|Register bits and flags||Brackets and italics||[TDA] bit|
|NVM Data bits||Brackets, italics, and bold||[LED1] bit|
|Modes and states||ALL CAPITALS||UNSEALED mode|