SLOS066W September   1975  – March 2015 LM124 , LM124A , LM224 , LM224A , LM224K , LM224KA , LM2902 , LM2902K , LM2902KAV , LM2902KV , LM324 , LM324A , LM324K , LM324KA

PRODUCTION DATA.  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics for LMx24 and LM324K
    6. 6.6 Electrical Characteristics for LM2902 and LM2902V
    7. 6.7 Electrical Characteristics for LMx24A and LM324KA
    8. 6.8 Operating Conditions
    9. 6.9 Typical Characteristics
  7. Parameter Measurement Information
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1 Unity-Gain Bandwidth
      2. 8.3.2 Slew Rate
      3. 8.3.3 Input Common Mode Range
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
    2. 9.2 Typical Application
      1. 9.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 9.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
      3. 9.2.3 Application Curve
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2 Layout Examples
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Documentation Support
      1. 12.1.1 Related Documentation
    2. 12.2 Related Links
    3. 12.3 Trademarks
    4. 12.4 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    5. 12.5 Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

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6 Specifications

6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings

over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted)(1)
LM2902 LMx24, LMx24x, LMx24xx, LM2902x, LM2902xx, LM2902xxx UNIT
MIN MAX MIN MAX
Supply voltage, VCC(2) ±13 26 ±16 32 V
Differential input voltage, VID(3) ±26 ±32 V
Input voltage, VI (either input) –0.3 26 –0.3 to 32 V
Duration of output short circuit (one amplifier) to ground at (or below) TA = 25°C, VCC ≤ 15 V(4) Unlimited Unlimited
Operating virtual junction temperature, TJ 150 150 °C
Case temperature for 60 seconds FK package 260 °C
Lead temperature 1.6 mm (1/16 inch) from case for 60 seconds J or W package 300 300 °C
Storage temperature, Tstg –65 150 –65 150 °C
(1) Stresses beyond those listed under Absolute Maximum Ratings may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated under Recommended Operating Conditions is not implied. Exposure to absolute-maximum-rated conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
(2) All voltage values (except differential voltages and VCC specified for the measurement of IOS) are with respect to the network GND.
(3) Differential voltages are at IN+, with respect to IN−.
(4) Short circuits from outputs to VCC can cause excessive heating and eventual destruction.

6.2 ESD Ratings

VALUE UNIT
LM224K, LM224KA, LM324K, LM324KA, LM2902K, LM2902KV, LM2902KAV
V(ESD) Electrostatic discharge Human-body model (HBM), per ANSI/ESDA/JEDEC JS-001(1) ±2000 V
Charged-device model (CDM), per JEDEC specification JESD22-C101 ±1000
LM124, LM124A, LM224, LM224A, LM324, LM324A, LM2902, LM2902V
V(ESD) Electrostatic discharge Human-body model (HBM), per ANSI/ESDA/JEDEC JS-001(1) ±500 V
Charged-device model (CDM), per JEDEC specification JESD22-C101 ±1000
(1) JEDEC document JEP155 states that 500-V HBM allows safe manufacturing with a standard ESD control process.

6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions

over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted)
LM2902 LMx24, LMx24x, LMx24xx, LM2902x, LM2902xx, LM2902xxx UNIT
MIN MAX MIN MAX
VCC Supply voltage 3 26 3 30 V
VCM Common-mode voltage 0 VCC – 2 0 VCC – 2 V
TA Operating free air temperature LM124 –55 125 °C
LM2904 –40 125
LM324 0 70
LM224 –25 85

6.4 Thermal Information

THERMAL METRIC(1) LMx24, LM2902 LMx24 UNIT
D (SOIC) DB (SSOP) N (PDIP) NS (SO) PW (TSSOP) FK (LCCC) J (CDIP) W (CFP)
14 PINS 14 PINS 14 PINS 14 PINS 14 PINS 20 PINS 14 PINS 14 PINS
RθJA(2)(3) Junction-to-ambient thermal resistance 86 86 80 76 113 °C/W
RθJC(4) Junction-to-case (top) thermal resistance 5.61 15.05 14.65
(1) For more information about traditional and new thermal metrics, see the IC Package Thermal Metrics application report, SPRA953.
(2) Short circuits from outputs to VCC can cause excessive heating and eventual destruction.
(3) Maximum power dissipation is a function of TJ(max), RθJA, and TA. The maximum allowable power dissipation at any allowable ambient temperature is PD = (TJ(max) – TA)/RθJA. Operating at the absolute maximum TJ of 150°C can affect reliability.
(4) Maximum power dissipation is a function of TJ(max), RθJA, and TC. The maximum allowable power dissipation at any allowable case temperature is PD = (TJ(max) – TC)/RθJC. Operating at the absolute maximum TJ of 150°C can affect reliability.

6.5 Electrical Characteristics for LMx24 and LM324K

at specified free-air temperature, VCC = 5 V (unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER TEST CONDITIONS(1) TA(2) LM124, LM224 LM324, LM324K UNIT
MIN TYP(3) MAX MIN TYP(3) MAX
VIO Input offset voltage VCC = 5 V to MAX, VIC = VICRmin,
VO = 1.4 V
25°C 3 5 3 7 mV
Full range 7 9
IIO Input offset current VO = 1.4 V 25°C 2 30 2 50 nA
Full range 100 150
IIB Input bias current VO = 1.4 V 25°C –20 –150 –20 –250 nA
Full range –300 –500
VICR Common-mode input voltage range VCC = 5 V to MAX 25°C 0 to
VCC – 1.5
0 to
VCC – 1.5
V
Full range 0 to
VCC – 2
0 to
VCC – 2
VOH High-level output voltage RL = 2 kΩ 25°C VCC – 1.5 VCC – 1.5 V
RL = 10 kΩ 25°C
VCC = MAX RL = 2 kΩ Full range 26 26
RL ≥ 10 kΩ Full range 27 28 27 28
VOL Low-level output voltage RL ≤ 10 kΩ Full range 5 20 5 20 mV
AVD Large-signal differential voltage amplification VCC = 15 V, VO = 1 V to 11 V,
RL ≥ 2 kΩ
25°C 50 100 25 100 V/mV
Full range 25 15
CMRR Common-mode rejection ratio VIC = VICRmin 25°C 70 80 65 80 dB
kSVR Supply-voltage rejection ratio
(ΔVCC /ΔVIO)
25°C 65 100 65 100 dB
VO1/ VO2 Crosstalk attenuation f = 1 kHz to 20 kHz 25°C 120 120 dB
IO Output current VCC = 15 V,
VID = 1 V,
VO = 0
Source 25°C –20 –30 –60 –20 –30 –60 mA
Full range –10 –10
VCC = 15 V,
VID = –1 V,
VO = 15 V
Sink 25°C 10 20 10 20
Full range 5 5
VID = –1 V, VO = 200 mV 25°C 12 30 12 30 μA
IOS Short-circuit output current VCC at 5 V, VO = 0,
GND at –5 V
25°C ±40 ±60 ±40 ±60 mA
ICC Supply current (four amplifiers) VO = 2.5 V, no load Full range 0.7 1.2 0.7 1.2 mA
VCC = MAX, VO = 0.5 VCC,
no load
Full range 1.4 3 1.4 3
(1) All characteristics are measured under open-loop conditions, with zero common-mode input voltage, unless otherwise specified. MAX VCC for testing purposes is 26 V for LM2902 and 30 V for the others.
(2) Full range is –55°C to 125°C for LM124, –25°C to 85°C for LM224, and 0°C to 70°C for LM324.
(3) All typical values are at TA = 25°C

6.6 Electrical Characteristics for LM2902 and LM2902V

at specified free-air temperature, VCC = 5 V (unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER TEST CONDITIONS(1) TA(2) LM2902 LM2902V UNIT
MIN TYP(3) MAX MIN TYP(3) MAX
VIO Input offset voltage VCC = 5 V to MAX,
VIC = VICRmin,
VO = 1.4 V
Non-A-suffix devices 25°C 3 7 3 7 mV
Full range 10 10
A-suffix devices 25°C 1 2
Full range 4
ΔVIO/ΔT Input offset voltage temperature drift RS = 0 Ω Ful range 7 μV/°C
IIO Input offset current VO = 1.4 V 25°C 2 50 2 50 nA
Full range 300 150
ΔIIO/ΔT Input offset voltage temperature drift Ful range 10 pA/°C
IIB Input bias current VO = 1.4 V 25°C –20 –250 –20 –250 nA
Full range –500 –500
VICR Common-mode input voltage range VCC = 5 V to MAX 25°C 0 to
VCC – 1.5
0 to
VCC – 1.5
V
Full range 0 to
VCC – 2
0 to
VCC – 2
VOH High-level output voltage RL = 2 kΩ 25°C V
RL = 10 kΩ 25°C VCC – 1.5 VCC – 1.5
VCC = MAX RL = 2 kΩ Full range 22 26
RL ≥ 10 kΩ Full range 23 24 27
VOL Low-level output voltage RL ≤ 10 kΩ Full range 5 20 5 20 mV
AVD Large-signal differential voltage amplification VCC = 15 V,
VO = 1 V to 11 V,
RL ≥ 2 kΩ
25°C 25 100 25 100 V/mV
Full range 15 15
CMRR Common-mode rejection ratio VIC = VICRmin 25°C 50 80 60 80 dB
kSVR Supply-voltage rejection ratio
(ΔVCC /ΔVIO)
25°C 50 100 60 100 dB
VO1/ VO2 Crosstalk attenuation f = 1 kHz to 20 kHz 25°C 120 120 dB
IO Output current VCC = 15 V,
VID = 1 V,
VO = 0
Source 25°C –20 –30 –60 –20 –30 –60 mA
Full range –10 –10
VCC = 15 V,
VID = –1 V,
VO = 15 V
Sink 25°C 10 20 10 20
Full range 5 5
VID = –1 V, VO = 200 mV 25°C 30 12 40 μA
IOS Short-circuit output current VCC at 5 V, VO = 0, GND at –5 V 25°C ±40 ±60 ±40 ±60 mA
ICC Supply current (four amplifiers) VO = 2.5 V, no load Full range 0.7 1.2 0.7 1.2 mA
VCC = MAX, VO = 0.5 VCC,
no load
Full range 1.4 3 1.4 3
(1) All characteristics are measured under open-loop conditions, with zero common-mode input voltage, unless otherwise specified. MAX VCC for testing purposes is 26 V for LM2902 and 32 V for LM2902V.
(2) Full range is –40°C to 125°C for LM2902.
(3) All typical values are at TA = 25°C.

6.7 Electrical Characteristics for LMx24A and LM324KA

at specified free-air temperature, VCC = 5 V (unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER TEST CONDITIONS(1) TA(2) LM124A LM224A LM324A, LM324KA UNIT
MIN TYP(3) MAX MIN TYP(3) MAX MIN TYP(3) MAX
VIO Input offset voltage VCC = 5 V to 30 V,
VIC = VICRmin,
VO = 1.4 V
25°C 2 2 3 2 3 mV
Full range 4 4 5
IIO Input offset current VO = 1.4 V 25°C 10 2 15 2 30 nA
Full range 30 30 75
IIB Input bias current VO = 1.4 V 25°C –50 –15 –80 –15 –100 nA
Full range –100 –100 –200
VICR Common-mode input voltage range VCC = 30 V 25°C 0 to
VCC − 1.5
0 to
VCC – 1.5
0 to
VCC – 1.5
V
Full range 0 to
VCC − 2
0 to
VCC – 2
0 to
VCC – 2
VOH High-level output voltage RL = 2 kΩ 25°C VCC − 1.5 VCC – 1.5 VCC – 1.5 V
VCC = 30 V RL= 2 kΩ Full range 26 26 26
RL≥ 10 kΩ Full range 27 27 28 27 28
VOL Low-level output voltage RL ≤ 10 kΩ Full range 20 5 20 5 20 mV
AVD Large-signal differential voltage amplification VCC = 15 V,
VO = 1 V to 11 V,
RL ≥ 2 kΩ
25°C 50 100 50 100 25 100 V/mV
Full range 25 25 15
CMRR Common-mode rejection ratio VIC = VICRmin 25°C 70 70 80 65 80 dB
kSVR Supply-voltage rejection ratio
(ΔVCC /ΔVIO)
25°C 65 65 100 65 100 dB
VO1/ VO2 Crosstalk attenuation f = 1 kHz to 20 kHz 25°C 120 120 120 dB
IO Output current VCC = 15 V,
VID = 1 V,
VO = 0
Source 25°C –20 –20 –30 –60 –20 –30 –60 mA
Full range –10 –10 –10
VCC = 15 V,
VID = –1 V,
VO = 15 V
Sink 25°C 10 10 20 1 20
Full range 5 5 5
VID = −1 V, VO = 200 mV 25°C 12 12 30 12 30 μA
IOS Short-circuit output current VCC at 5 V, GND at –5 V,
VO = 0
25°C ±40 ±60 ±40 ±60 ±40 ±60 mA
ICC Supply current (four amplifiers) VO = 2.5 V, no load Full range 0.7 1.2 0.7 1.2 0.7 1.2 mA
VCC = 30 V, VO = 15 V,
no load
Full range 1.4 3. 1.4 3 1.4 3
(1) All characteristics are measured under open-loop conditions, with zero common-mode input voltage, unless otherwise specified.
(2) Full range is –55°C to 125°C for LM124A, –25°C to 85°C for LM224A, and 0°C to 70°C for LM324A.
(3) All typical values are at TA = 25°C.

6.8 Operating Conditions

VCC = ±15 V, TA = 25°C
PARAMETER TEST CONDITIONS TYP UNIT
SR Slew rate at unity gain RL = 1 MΩ, CL = 30 pF, VI = ±10 V (see Figure 7) 0.5 V/μs
B1 Unity-gain bandwidth RL = 1 MΩ, CL = 20 pF (see Figure 7) 1.2 MHz
Vn Equivalent input noise voltage RS = 100 Ω, VI = 0 V, f = 1 kHz (see Figure 8) 35 nV/√Hz

6.9 Typical Characteristics

LM124 LM124A LM224 LM224A LM224K LM224KA LM324 LM324A LM324K LM324KA LM2902 LM2902V LM2902K LM2902KV LM2902KAV D001_SLOS066.gif
Figure 1. Output Sinking Characteristics
LM124 LM124A LM224 LM224A LM224K LM224KA LM324 LM324A LM324K LM324KA LM2902 LM2902V LM2902K LM2902KV LM2902KAV D003_SLOS066.gif
Figure 3. Source Current Limiting
LM124 LM124A LM224 LM224A LM224K LM224KA LM324 LM324A LM324K LM324KA LM2902 LM2902V LM2902K LM2902KV LM2902KAV D006_SLOS066.gif
Figure 5. Common-Mode Rejection Ratio
LM124 LM124A LM224 LM224A LM224K LM224KA LM324 LM324A LM324K LM324KA LM2902 LM2902V LM2902K LM2902KV LM2902KAV D002_SLOS066.gif
Figure 2. Output Sourcing Characteristics
LM124 LM124A LM224 LM224A LM224K LM224KA LM324 LM324A LM324K LM324KA LM2902 LM2902V LM2902K LM2902KV LM2902KAV D004_SLOS066.gif
Figure 4. Voltage Follower Large Signal Response (50 pF)
LM124 LM124A LM224 LM224A LM224K LM224KA LM324 LM324A LM324K LM324KA LM2902 LM2902V LM2902K LM2902KV LM2902KAV D007_SLOS066.gif
Figure 6. Maximum Output Swing vs. Frequency
(VCC = 15 V)