JAJSFO4B August 2017 – December 2018 OPA2810
The OPA2810 is a classic voltage feedback amplifier with each channel having two high-impedance inputs and a low-impedance output. Standard application circuits include the noninverting and inverting gain configurations as Figure 65 and Figure 66 show. The DC operating point for each configuration is level-shifted by the reference voltage VREF which is typically set to midsupply in single-supply operation. VREF is often connected to ground in split-supply applications.
The closed-loop gain of an amplifier in noninverting configuration is shown in Equation 1.
The closed-loop gain of an amplifier in an inverting configuration is shown in Equation 2.
The magnitude of the low-frequency gain is determined by the ratio of the magnitudes of the feedback resistor (RF) and the gain setting resistor RG. The order of magnitudes of the individual values of RF and RG offer a trade-off between amplifier stability, power dissipated in the feedback resistor network, and total output noise. The feedback network increases the loading on the amplifier output. Using large values of the feedback resistors reduces the power dissipated at the amplifier output. On the other hand, this increases the inherent voltage and amplifier current noise contribution seen at the output while lowering the frequency at which a pole occurs in the feedback factor (β). This pole causes a decrease in the phase margin at zero-gain crossover frequency and potential instability. Using small feedback resistors increases power dissipation and also degrades amplifier linearity due to a heavier amplifier output load. Figure 67 shows a representative schematic of the OPA2810 in an inverting configuration with the input capacitors shown.
For low-power systems, greater the values of the feedback resistors, the earlier in frequency does the phase margin begin to reduce and cause instability. Figure 68 and Figure 69 illustrate the loop gain magnitude and phase plots, respectively, for the OPA2810 simulation in TINA-TI configured as an inverting amplifier with values of feedback resistors varying by orders of magnitudes.
A lower phase margin results in peaking in the frequency response and lower bandwidth as Figure 70 shows, which is synonymous with overshoot and ringing in the pulse response results. The OPA2810 offers a flat-band voltage noise density of 6 nV/√Hz. TI recommends selecting an RF so the voltage noise contribution does not exceed that of the amplifier. Figure 71 shows the voltage noise density variation with value of resistance at 25°C. A 2-kΩ resistor exhibits a thermal noise density of 5.75 nV/√Hz which is comparable to the flatband noise of the OPA2810. Hence, TI recommends using an RF lower than 2 kΩ while being large enough to not dissipate excessive power for the output voltage swing and supply current requirements of the application. The Noise Analysis and the Effect of Resistor Elements on Total Noise section shows a detailed analysis of the various contributors to noise.