SLLSEF3C June   2013  – April 2021 SN6501-Q1

PRODUCTION DATA  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 Handling Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Switching Characteristics
    7. 6.7 Typical Characteristics
  7. Parameter Measurement Information
    1. 7.1
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1 Push-Pull Converter
      2. 8.3.2 Core Magnetization
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 Start-Up Mode
      2. 8.4.2 Operating Mode
      3. 8.4.3 Off-Mode
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
    2. 9.2 Typical Application
      1. 9.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 9.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. 9.2.2.1 SN6501 Drive Capability
        2. 9.2.2.2 LDO Selection
        3. 9.2.2.3 Diode Selection
        4. 9.2.2.4 Capacitor Selection
        5. 9.2.2.5 Transformer Selection
          1. 9.2.2.5.1 V-t Product Calculation
          2. 9.2.2.5.2 Turns Ratio Estimate
          3. 9.2.2.5.3 Recommended Transformers
      3. 9.2.3 Application Curve
      4. 9.2.4 Higher Output Voltage Designs
      5. 9.2.5 Application Circuits
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
    1. 10.1
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2 Layout Example
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Device Support
      1. 12.1.1 Third-Party Products Disclaimer
    2. 12.2 Trademarks
    3. 12.3 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    4. 12.4 Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

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メカニカル・データ(パッケージ|ピン)
サーマルパッド・メカニカル・データ
発注情報
Turns Ratio Estimate

Assume the rectifier diodes and linear regulator has been selected. Also, it has been determined that the transformer choosen must have a V-t product of at least 11 Vμs. However, before searching the manufacturer websites for a suitable transformer, the user still needs to know its minimum turns ratio that allows the push-pull converter to operate flawlessly over the specified current and temperature range. This minimum transformation ratio is expressed through the ratio of minimum secondary to minimum primary voltage multiplied by a correction factor that takes the transformer’s typical efficiency of 97% into account.

Equation 5. GUID-20210512-CA0I-2V2R-XN5Z-BMQH03T1CKKV-low.gif

VS-min must be large enough to allow for a maximum voltage drop, VF-max, across the rectifier diode and still provide sufficient input voltage for the regulator to remain in regulation. From the LDO SELECTION section, this minimum input voltage is known and by adding VF-max gives the minimum secondary voltage with:

Equation 6. VS-min = VF-max + VDO-max + VO-max
GUID-B21F5252-CE71-4EF6-A777-F7C9F3360337-low.gifFigure 9-5 Establishing the Required Minimum Turns Ratio Through Nmin = 1.031 × VS-min / VP-min

Then calculating the available minimum primary voltage, VP-min, involves subtracting the maximum possible drain-source voltage of the SN6501, VDS-max, from the minimum converter input voltage VIN-min:

Equation 7. VP-min = VIN-min – VDS-max

VDS-max however, is the product of the maximum RDS(on) and ID values for a given supply specified in the SN6501 data sheet:

Equation 8. VDS-max = RDS-max × IDmax

Then inserting Equation 8 into Equation 7 yields:

Equation 9. VP-min = VIN-min - RDS-max x IDmax

and inserting Equation 9 and Equation 6 into Equation 5 provides the minimum turns ration with:

Equation 10. GUID-6FA87C6E-AE68-497B-A236-0BDF97F7DA92-low.gif

Example:

For a 3.3 VIN to 5 VOUT converter using the rectifier diode MBR0520L and the 5 V LDO TPS76350, the data sheet values taken for a load current of 100 mA and a maximum temperature of 85°C are VF-max = 0.2 V,
VDO-max = 0.2 V, and VO-max = 5.175 V.

Then assuming that the converter input voltage is taken from a 3.3 V controller supply with a maximum ±2% accuracy makes VIN-min = 3.234 V. Finally the maximum values for drain-source resistance and drain current at 3.3 V are taken from the SN6501 data sheet with RDS-max = 3 Ω and ID-max = 150 mA.

Inserting the values above into Equation 10 yields a minimum turns ratio of:

Equation 11. GUID-62C79655-BA04-418C-9E49-BEACF39C925A-low.gif

Most commercially available transformers for 3-to-5 V push-pull converters offer turns ratios between 2.0 and 2.3 with a common tolerance of ±3%.