SLLSEF3C June 2013 – April 2021 SN6501-Q1

PRODUCTION DATA

- 1 Features
- 2 Applications
- 3 Description
- 4 Revision History
- 5 Pin Configuration and Functions
- 6 Specifications
- 7 Parameter Measurement Information
- 8 Detailed Description
- 9 Application and Implementation
- 10Power Supply Recommendations
- 11Layout
- 12Device and Documentation Support
- 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Assume the rectifier diodes and linear regulator has been selected. Also, it has been determined that the transformer choosen must have a V-t product of at least 11 Vμs. However, before searching the manufacturer websites for a suitable transformer, the user still needs to know its minimum turns ratio that allows the push-pull converter to operate flawlessly over the specified current and temperature range. This minimum transformation ratio is expressed through the ratio of minimum secondary to minimum primary voltage multiplied by a correction factor that takes the transformer’s typical efficiency of 97% into account.

Equation 5.

V_{S-min} must be large enough to allow for a maximum voltage drop, V_{F-max}, across the rectifier diode and still provide sufficient input voltage for the regulator to remain in regulation. From the LDO SELECTION section, this minimum input voltage is known and by adding V_{F-max} gives the minimum secondary voltage with:

Equation 6. V_{S-min} = V_{F-max} + V_{DO-max} + V_{O-max}

Then calculating the available minimum primary voltage, V_{P-min}, involves subtracting the maximum possible drain-source voltage of the SN6501, V_{DS-max}, from the minimum converter input voltage V_{IN-min}:

Equation 7. V_{P-min} = V_{IN-min} – V_{DS-max}

V_{DS-max} however, is the product of the maximum R_{DS(on)} and I_{D} values for a given supply specified in the SN6501 data sheet:

Equation 8. V_{DS-max} = R_{DS-max} × I_{Dmax}

Then inserting Equation 8 into Equation 7 yields:

Equation 9. V_{P-min} = V_{IN-min} - R_{DS-max} x I_{Dmax}

and inserting Equation 9 and Equation 6 into Equation 5 provides the minimum turns ration with:

Equation 10.

**Example:**

For a 3.3 V_{IN} to 5 V_{OUT} converter using the rectifier diode MBR0520L and the 5 V LDO TPS76350, the data sheet values taken for a load current of 100 mA and a maximum temperature of 85°C are V_{F-max} = 0.2 V,

V_{DO-max} = 0.2 V, and V_{O-max} = 5.175 V.

Then assuming that the converter input voltage is taken from a 3.3 V controller supply with a maximum ±2% accuracy makes V_{IN-min} = 3.234 V. Finally the maximum values for drain-source resistance and drain current at 3.3 V are taken from the SN6501 data sheet with R_{DS-max} = 3 Ω and I_{D-max} = 150 mA.

Inserting the values above into Equation 10 yields a minimum turns ratio of:

Equation 11.

Most commercially available transformers for 3-to-5 V push-pull converters offer turns ratios between 2.0 and 2.3 with a common tolerance of ±3%.