SLVSCQ7 April 2015 TPS61046
As for all switching power supplies, especially those running at high switching frequency and high currents, layout is an important design step. If the layout is not carefully done, the regulator could suffer from instability and noise problems. To maximize efficiency, switch rise and fall time are very fast. To prevent radiation of high frequency noise (for example, EMI), proper layout of the high-frequency switching path is essential. Minimize the length and area of all traces connected to the SW pin, and always use a ground plane under the switching regulator to minimize interplane coupling. The input capacitor needs not only to be close to the VIN pin, but also to the GND pin in order to reduce input supply ripple.
The most critical current path for all boost converters is from the switching FET, through the rectifier diode, then the output capacitors, and back to ground of the switching FET. This high current path contains nanosecond rise and fall time and should be kept as short as possible. Therefore, the output capacitor needs not only to be close to the VOUT pin, but also to the GND pin to reduce the overshoot at the SW pin and VOUT pin.
A large ground plane on the bottom layer connects the ground pins of the components on the top layer through vias.